The City of Friendship
Chiclayo , capital of the Department of Lambayeque, is one of the largest cities of Peru and a meeting point for people from the Coast, the Highlands and the Northern Jungle. It is situated a few kilometers from the sea and its dynamism is notable thanks to its intense commercial activity and its diversified tourist offer, which attracts many visitors each year, longing to explore or practice sports on its beaches, or to delve into its past.
Also known as Ciudad de la Amistad (The City of Friendship) because of the kindness and warmth of its people, Chiclayo is located in a region which was home to important pre-Hispanic cultures, such as the Mochica (1st to 7th centuries A.C.) and the Lambayeque (7th to 10th centuries A.C.) which remains, found in different times and circumstances, continue to amaze the world.
The founding of Chiclayo has not been recorded in Spanish history.
It was born in the second half of the 16th century as an Indian town, a place where the merchants carrying wares in the area would stop for a rest. Baptized as Santa María en los Valles de Chiclayo, the Franciscan Monastery, the first of its kind built during the Colony has recorded the event.
At present, Chiclayo is a bustling city. Its rich past is complemented by the life of a vigorous population in constant activity, thanks to its trade and its tourist offer.
North coast, 95 feet above sea level (29 m)
95 feet above sea level (29 m)
Population in Chiclayo
Distances from Chiclayo
474 miles (763 km) from Lima
128 miles (206 km) from Trujillo
160.3 miles (258 km) from Cajamarca
130.5 miles (210 km) from Piura (via Mórrope)
Weather in Chiclayo
Chiclayo , located on Northern Coast of Peru, has warm, sunny weather almost all year round, with temperatures ranging from 17°C to 25°C, except in summer, from January to April, when the temperatures can be as high as 34°C. There is little rainfall in Chiclayo , but a permanent breeze blows in the area that may become strong winds at times.
How to arrive to Chiclayo
Chiclayo can be easily reached by air from Trujillo (30 min), Piura (30 min) or Lima , from where there are daily flights, which last approximately one hour. One can also get there by land, on the North Pan-American Highway . The trip from Lima to Chiclayo takes about 10 hr (770 km).
Chiclayo and Lambayeque as a whole, is famous for their excellent food, a cuisine with ancestral secrets that meets the most demanding of tastes.
Traditional dishes are arroz con pato (rice with fried duck prepared with coriander), cabrito (fried or stewed kid), cebiche (raw fish marinated in lemon juice), causa (mashed potatoes filled with vegetables or tuna fish), espesado (thick soup made of meat) and others, all of which are perfectly complemented with chicha de jora, a liquor made from fermented corn dating back to pre-Hispanic times. As far as desserts are concerned, one must try the king kong (cake filled with milk-based fudge, quince jelly and figs), alfajores (pastry filled with almonds, honey and sesame) and machacado de membrillo (mashed quince).
Atractions in Chiclayo
Archaeological Complex of Sipan – Chiclayo
At a distance of 35 km from Chiclayo , along a route flanked by extensive sugar-cane plantation, is the archaeological complex of Sipán, belonging to the Mochica Culture (400 to 600 A.C.) at the site of Huaca Rajada. This monumental group is comprised of two adobe pyramids and a platform, where the archaeological finding of the two famous pre-Hispanic tombs was made in 1987; that of the Lord of Sipán and that of his ancestor, called the Old Lord of Sipán. These discoveries add to the known excellence of the Moche ceramics, admired for its elaborate metallurgy and gold and silver jewelry.
Archaeological Complex of Sican – Chiclayo
The Sicán Culture emerged in the Region of Lambayeque around 750 A.C. Its background was the local Mochica Culture and the Cultures of Cajamarca and Wari and the site of Pachacamac (on the central coast of Peru ). This culture is also known as Lambayeque and in the extinct Muchik language it meant “the House or Temple of the Moon”. The word Sicán is not to be confused with Sipán, which is the name of a nearby town and archaeological site, where royal tombs of the Mochica or Moche Cultures have been excavated. The complex presents an extraordinary concentration of pyramids, including Huaca Loro. The results obtained from research have demonstrated that Sicán was a powerful and flourishing culture.
Brüning Archaeological Museum – Chiclayo
One of the most important in the northern part of the country, the Brüning Archaeological Museum houses a collection of archaeological objects from German ethnographer and linguist Enrique Brüning. The building was inaugurated in 1967; and in its four floors, exhibits gold, silver and copper objects belonging to the various cultures which developed in the Region more than 4000 years ago. The Gold Room is highlighted, since it exhibits one of the most important gold and silver jewelry collections in the Americas , with works of art including pieces found in the Tomb of the Lord of Sipán.
Archaeological Complex of Tucume – Chiclayo
This complex is located at 33 km from Chiclayo , is the Archaeological Complex of Túcume, also known as the Valley of the Pyramids. The complex has an area of 220 ha, surrounded by rich agricultural fields. The sacred mountain, known as La Raya or Purgatorio stands in its midst. Because of its size and the quality of its monuments, the Pyramids of Túcume are one of the most important monumental centers of the Region. Its 26 buildings are made of adobe and were intended for different activities ranging from ritual to habitational. The construction of these buildings started approximately in the late 10th century, and it continued for many more centuries.
Huaca Larga is the largest building inside the complex. Its dimensions are amazing: 700 m long, 280 m wide and 30 m high, making it the largest adobe building in Peru and in South America .
Site Museum of Tucume – Chiclayo
This is an attractive museum in itself. It was built using the ancient techniques of the buildings of the Lambayeque Culture. In addition to showing the traces of pre-Colombian cultures, there is an exhibition showing the continuity of Túcume from the pre-Hispanic past to the current peasant culture. In addition, it is possible to actively participate in a ceramics workshop, where they manufacture, reproduce and re-create archaeological pieces and items and of the local culture.
Chiclayo Festivities Calendar
JANUARY IN CHICLAYO
1st New Year’s Child – Reque
Significant religious feast with a large affluence of devoted believers coming from the different areas of the department. The festivity is organized by the parish and by the District Municipality .
JUNE IN CHICLAYO
30th Sacred Heart of Jesus – Port of Eten Salas
Well attended religious event to pay homage to the worshipped image of Jesus. There are fireworks and sporting events.
JULY IN CHICLAYO
Monsefú Typical Cultural Fair
This is a tourist-oriented festival featuring the display of handcrafts by artists of Monsefú, who are experts in weaving macora straw and in making fine cloths. The show includes the local folklore as well as renowned artists. Typical drinks are sold (49 different preparations of chicha).
AUGUST IN CHICLAYO
5th The Cross of Chalpón – Motupe
This is the deepest rooted religious festivity in northern Peru , where homage is paid to the Cross of Motupe, which appeared in 1868. Many people from all over the country and from abroad visit this place, which gives rise to one of the deepest expressions of religious fervor.
AUGUST – SEPTEMBER IN CHICLAYO
22 – 29 Tourism Week in Chiclayo
There are civic, cultural, social and recreational activities with the support of public and private institutions.
OCTOBER IN CHICLAYO
25th Our Lord of the Justice – Ferreñafe
This religious image, the Patron of the Town, is worshipped on this date. There are recreational games and marinera festivals (typical dance from the North of Peru), handcrafts are sold as well as typical food.